Accession Number : ADA295950

Title :   Panama - December 1988 to May 1991.

Descriptive Note : Personal experience monograph,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Hinojosa, Ernest A., III

PDF Url : ADA295950

Report Date : 28 MAY 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 84

Abstract : On the morning of 20 December 1989, the U.S. and the World awoke to the news of Operation Just Cause. For most, Operation Just Cause came as a complete surprise. To many it was a spontaneous action directly and solely perpetuated by the unfortunate killing of Lieutenant Paz, U.S. Navy, on 16 December 1989 by PDF soldiers. The truth of the matter is a crisis in Panama had existed for some time. The crisis spans a period from June 1987 to the present. Furthermore, the implications of low intensity conflict go far beyond the application of a singular peacetime contingency operation - Just Cause. The Panama crisis classic contemporary study of employing virtually all of the types of peacetime contingency operations in one real life crisis. In June of 1987, General Manuel Antonio Noriega and close confidant - but subordinate - Colonel Roberto Diaz Herrera had a parting of ways. The split was so divisive that Colonel Herrera publicly accused General Noriega of supporting drug traffickers, creating conditions which led to General Noriega's indictment and, most recently, his conviction. Reaction in Panama was vocal, physical and chaotic. It was manifested in frequent street demonstrations and national strikes which frequently led to riotous situations. General Noriega initially tried to deal with the situation with repression, nationalistic hype and anti-American rhetoric. He ultimately turned to oppression. Law and order was deteriorating.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *PANAMA, EMERGENCIES, PEACETIME, ARMY PERSONNEL, OPERATION, DRUGS, LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE