Accession Number : ADA296255

Title :   Effects of Personnel Turbulence on Tank Crew Gunnery Performance: A Review of the Literature.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun 93-Feb 95,

Corporate Author : BDM FEDERAL INC ALBUQUERQUE NM

Personal Author(s) : Keesling, J. W.

PDF Url : ADA296255

Report Date : APR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : This literature review summarizes studies that examined the effects of personnel turnover and turbulence on tank crew gunnery performance. This literature is compared and contrasted to literature on the performance of flight crews. The findings appear to contradict a widely held belief that it is important to stabilize tank crews during their training. If tank crews are formed of personnel who are skilled in the performance of their duty position tasks, they do not have to be familiar with each other to perform effectively. The flight crew literature suggests that there may be a brief initial period during which performance is reduced, but the length of this period is not well estimated in any of the published studies. Both literatures indicate that there may be reductions in performance if crews are kept intact over too long a period. Again, the point at which this effect takes place and the rate of decline are not well estimated in the literature. Training managers are advised not to take extra pains to maintain intact crews. Suggestions for further research are also given.

Descriptors :   *ARMY TRAINING, *TANK GUNS, *TANK CREWS, TRAINING, FLIGHT CREWS, LITERATURE SURVEYS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), TURBULENCE, DOCUMENTS, MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL, PERSONNEL, PERSONNEL RETENTION, JOB ANALYSIS, GUNNERY, FUR.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Combat Vehicles
      Guns

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE