Accession Number : ADA296528

Title :   Plant Uptake of Explosives from Contaminated Soil at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 93-Apr 95,

Corporate Author : ARGONNE NATIONAL LAB IL

Personal Author(s) : Zellmer, S. D. ; Schneider, J. F. ; Tomczyk, N. A. ; Banwart, W. L. ; Chen, D.

PDF Url : ADA296528

Report Date : APR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 67

Abstract : Explosives and their degradation products may enter the animal and human food chains through plants grown on soils contaminated with explosives. Soil and plant samples were collected from the Group 61 area at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant and analyzed to determine the extent to which 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its degradation products are taken up by existing vegetation and crops growing on contaminated soils. Neither TNT nor its degradation products was detected in any of the aboveground plant organs of existing vegetation. Oat (Avena sativa L.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) were planted on TNT-contaminated soils amended with three levels of chopped grass hay. Extractable TNT concentrations in hay-amended soils were monitored for almost 1 year. Crop establishment and growth improved with increased levels of hay amendment, but TNT uptake was not affected or detected in any aboveground crop organs. Evidence was found to indicate that soil manipulation and hay addition may reduce extractable TNT concentration in soils, but the wide variations in TNT concentrations in these soils prevented development of conclusive evidence regarding reduction of extractable TNT concentrations. Results from this study suggest that vegetation grown on TNT-contaminated soils is not a major health concern because TNT and its degradation products were not detected in aboveground plant organs. However, low concentrations of TNT, 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, and 2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene were detected in or on some existing vegetation and crop roots. pg12. JMD

Descriptors :   *EXPLOSIVES, *SOILS, *AMMUNITION, *CONTAMINATION, DEGRADATION, HUMANS, GROWTH(GENERAL), ARMY FACILITIES, LOW LEVEL, CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION), VEGETATION, TNT, CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY), BIOLOGICAL ABSORPTION, PLANTS(BOTANY), ORGANS(ANATOMY), FARM CROPS, FOOD CHAINS.

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Soil Mechanics
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE