Accession Number : ADA296529

Title :   Uptake of Explosives from Contaminated Soil by Existing Vegetation at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Mar 94-Feb 95,

Corporate Author : ARGONNE NATIONAL LAB IL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS DIV

Personal Author(s) : Schneider, J. F. ; Zellmer, S. D. ; Tomczyk, N. A. ; Rastorfer, J. R. ; Chen, D.

PDF Url : ADA296529

Report Date : FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 33

Abstract : This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in soils contaminated with 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) in three areas at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (IAAP). To determine explosives uptake under natural environmental conditions, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled at different locations in each area, and plant materials were separated by species. Standard methods were used to determine the concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. The compound TNT was not detected in the aboveground portion of plants, and vegetation growing on TNT-contaminated soils is not considered a health hazard. However, soil and plant roots may contain TNT degradation products that may be toxic; hence, their consumption is not advised. The compound RDX was found in the tops and roots of plants growing on RDX-contaminated soils at all surveyed sites. Although RDX is not a listed carcinogen, several of its potentially present degradation products are carcinogens. Therefore, the consumption of any plant tissues growing on RDX-contaminated sites should be considered a potential health hazard. pg10. JMD

Descriptors :   *EXPLOSIVES, *AMMUNITION, *CONTAMINATION, *TNT, DEGRADATION, HAZARDS, HEALTH, GROWTH(GENERAL), SITES, ARMY FACILITIES, SOILS, SURVEYS, PLANT GROWTH, SAMPLING, CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION), STANDARDIZATION, SEPARATION, CARCINOGENS, VEGETATION, RDX, IOWA, METABOLITES, PLANT TISSUE, PLANT ROOTS.

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Soil Mechanics
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE