Accession Number : ADA296598

Title :   OPERATION GREENHOUSE. Scientific Director's Report of Atomic Weapon Tests at Eniwetok, 1951. Volume 2. Part 2. Evaluation of Program.

Corporate Author : CHICAGO UNIV IL

PDF Url : ADA296598

Report Date : DEC 1951

Pagination or Media Count : 152

Abstract : The biomedical program of the 1951 tests of nuclear weapons at Eniwetok is described in some detail. The purpose of the experimentation was to obtain information that could be used in planning adequate medical care for victims of atomic warfare. To accomplish this purpose experiments were designed: (a) to measure biologically the dose of gamma radiation and neutrons as functions of distance; (b) to determine the relative biological efficiency of gamma radiation; (c) to determine the median lethal dose of gamma radiation for large animals; (d) to specify the quality of the gamma ray; (e) to define the characteristics of flash burns; (f) to estimate the nature of the radiation hazard to personnel in aircraft traversing an atomic cloud; and (g) to examine the protection afforded by a foxhole. The predicted values for the field variables (nuclear radiation, thermal radiation, and blast) are discussed summarily, and the design of the experiments is described. For the benefit of those who may plan other biomedical tests, a synopsis of the procedures employed is presented with critical comments.

Descriptors :   *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, *RADIATION EFFECTS, *NUCLEAR WARFARE CASUALTIES, NUCLEAR WARFARE, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, AIRCRAFT, FORECASTING, AIRBURST, NUCLEAR RADIATION, GAMMA RAYS, NUCLEAR CLOUDS, ANIMALS, LETHAL DOSAGE, NEUTRONS, THERMAL RADIATION, BIOMEDICINE, RADIATION DOSAGE, RADIATION HAZARDS, BURNS(INJURIES), FOXHOLES, ENEWETAK ATOLL.

Subject Categories : Radiobiology
      Nuclear Weapons

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE