Accession Number : ADA296671

Title :   Cognitive Resource Theory and the Utilization of the Leader's and Group Members' Technical Competence.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 86-Sep 90,

Corporate Author : COMMUNITY COUNCIL PHOENIX AZ

Personal Author(s) : Murphy, Susan E. ; Blyth, Dewey ; Fledler, Fred E.

PDF Url : ADA296671

Report Date : JAN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : The belief that training leads to improved job performance is often unquestioned. For various reasons, however, research has failed to demonstrate a consistent relationship. Two related experiments investigated the conditions under which technical training for leaders and group members contribute to group performance. The first study compared the effectiveness of decisions in groups in which the leader was (a) instructed to be either directive or nondirective, and (b) given a brief training period to provide task-relevant knowledge for making the required group decisions. A second study compared the performance of trained group members under directive and nondirective leaders. As hypothesized, the leader's technical knowledge or expertise contributed to group performance only if the leader was both trained and directive; group members' task-relevant knowledge contributed to group performance only if the leader was nondirective. The results are discussed in the context of Cognitive Resource Theory.

Descriptors :   *COGNITION, *LEADERSHIP TRAINING, JOBS, DECISION MAKING, LEADERSHIP, GROUP DYNAMICS, TRAINING, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), THEORY, RESOURCES, BEHAVIOR, TENTS, UTILIZATION.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE