Accession Number : ADA297262

Title :   Testimony: Before the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade, Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives. Food Safety and Quality. FDA can Improve Monitoring of Imported Cheese.

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC RESOURCES COMMUNITY AND ECONOMIC DEVE LOPMENT DIV

Personal Author(s) : Gahr, William E.

PDF Url : ADA297262

Report Date : 09 JUL 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : FDA categorizes cheese as a high-risk food because it is susceptible to potentially fatal contamination from bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes and salmonella. Soft, semi-soft, and surface-ripened cheese (such as Brie and Camembert) or other types of cheese made from unpasteurized milk are more susceptible to microbial contamination, because of their high moisture content and potentially high levels of bacteria, than are hard cheeses or cheeses made from pasteurized milk. About 35 percent of all cheese imported to the United States is of the soft or semi-soft type. Since 1985 the United States has annually imported an average of about 290 million pounds of cheese valued at about $390 million. Italy, France, Denmark, New Zealand, Finland, and the Netherlands are the largest exporters of cheese to the United States--supplying about 60 percent of the nation's imported cheese.

Descriptors :   *BACTERIA, *CHEESES, *PASTEURIZATION, UNITED STATES, POLICIES, HIGH RATE, RISK, ECONOMICS, NETHERLANDS, MOISTURE CONTENT, FRANCE, SAFETY, ITALY, INTERNATIONAL, CONTAMINATION, FOOD, SALMONELLA, MICROORGANISMS, FINLAND, DENMARK, MILK, LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES, NEW ZEALAND.

Subject Categories : Food, Food Service and Nutrition

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE