Accession Number : ADA297339
Title : Nutrient Intakes and Nutritional Status of Soldiers Consuming the Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MRE XII) During a 30-Day Field Training Exercise.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA
Personal Author(s) : Thomas, Cecilia D. ; Friedl, Karl E. ; Mays, Mary Z. ; Mutter, Susan H. ; Moore, Robert J.
PDF Url : ADA297339
Report Date : 31 JAN 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 116
Abstract : This study assessed soldiers' ability to meet nutritional needs and maintain performance while solely consuming the MRE in a field environment for 30 days; soldiers received only MREs (MRE grp; n=35) or 2 A-ration meals & 1 MRE daily for 30 days (control grp; n=32). Energy consumption was lower and weight loss was greater in the MRE grp tha the control grp. The greatest weight loss occurred in soldiers intentionally trying to lose weight in the MRE grp. Non-dieting MRE grp soldiers lost < 2 lbs/wk and had lost 3.1% of initial body weight by day 30 of the study. Weight loss was primarily due to a reduction in body fat stores. The MRE rp consumed only 55% of energy provided producing an energy deficit of 600 kcal day below the actual requirement of 3000-3200 kcal/day. The MRE grp ate <MRDA for calcium, B121 zinc, iron, magnesium, and folacin Serum biochemical indices of nutritional status indicated no deficiencies for any nutrient. The MRE grp obtained 100% of their MRDA for protein and demonstrated a positive nitrogen balance. There were no differences in road march times between groups or over time. Questionnaire assessment of moods and health symptoms indicated that subsisting on MREs did not impair perceived health, cognitive behavior, or affective behavior. The results indicate that, although caloric intake is low, performance and overall nutritional status are not impaired when soldiers consume only MRE XIIs for 30 days.
Descriptors : *NUTRIENTS, *NUTRITION, MAGNESIUM, CALCIUM, ARMY PERSONNEL, HEALTH, PROTEINS, COGNITION, ENERGY, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, NITROGEN, IRON, LOW LOSS, MEALS, DEFICIENCIES, BALANCE, BEHAVIOR, QUESTIONNAIRES, ENERGY CONSUMPTION, WEIGHT REDUCTION, BODY WEIGHT, CALORIFIC VALUE, EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY), EMOTIONS.
Subject Categories : Food, Food Service and Nutrition
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE