Accession Number : ADA297458

Title :   Subchronic Toxicity Studies on 1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene, l,3-Dinitrobenzene, and Tetryl in Rats.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 Jan 92-20 Sep 94,

Corporate Author : ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CINCINNATI OH ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND SU PPORT LAB

Personal Author(s) : Reddy, Tirumuru V. ; Daniel, F. B. ; Robinson, M. ; Olson, G. R. ; Wiechman, B.

PDF Url : ADA297458

Report Date : 01 FEB 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 158

Abstract : Nitroaromatics, such as 1 ,3-dinitrobenzene (DNB), 1 ,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TN B), and N-methyl-N,2,4,6-tetranitroaniline (tetryl), have been detected as environmental contaminants of groundwater and soil near production sites and in some instances at military test grounds. DNB is formed as a by-product during 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) production. It is also formed through photochemical oxidative degradation of 2,4- dinitrotoluene a by-product released into the environment from TNT manufacturing (Spanggord et.al., 1980). DNB and TNB are not easily biodegradable, persist in the environment, eventually leach out, and contaminate groundwater near waste disposal sites. Tetryl is an explosive that has been in use, largely for military purposes, since 1906. Wastewaters and soil at the original production sites and other plants devoted to munitions assembly, contain large quantities of these compounds (Walsh and Jenkins, 1992).

Descriptors :   *TOXICITY, *TNT, *TETRYL, *DNT, TEST AND EVALUATION, ENVIRONMENTS, MANUFACTURING, PRODUCTION, SITES, GROUND WATER, SOILS, OXIDATION, AMMUNITION, CONTAMINANTS, AROMATIC COMPOUNDS, ASSEMBLY, NITRO RADICALS, PHOTODEGRADATION.

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Toxicology
      Organic Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE