Accession Number : ADA297774

Title :   Navy Pictogram for Marine Degradable Items.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun-Dec 94,

Corporate Author : ARMY NATICK RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER MA

Personal Author(s) : Oleksyk, Lauren ; Malafi, Teresa

PDF Url : ADA297774

Report Date : JUL 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 44

Abstract : In response to a U.S. Naval Supply Systems Command (NAVSUP) request, the U.S. Army Soldier Systems Command, Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center (NRDEC) developed a pictogram, or wordless symbol, to identify Navy items that will degrade when disposed into the ocean. The purpose of the pictogram was to ensure that Navy personnel, and U.S. Coast Guard officials who monitor the practice of overboard trash disposal, would be able to identify non-toxic, seawater degradable items. The pictogram was developed and assessed by a team of scientists and graphic artists from NRDEC and the World Health Organization (WHO). User focus group and shipboard evaluations of the pictogram were conducted at Newport, RI and Norfolk, VA Naval Stations. In general, sailors liked the pictogram and believed that it would convey the message that a product is marine degradable. WHO conducted an internal evaluation and modified the pictogram to ensure that it would be understood in international waters. Results of the assessments were presented to NAVSUP, who approved the pictogram design in December 1994. Future target items which may be identified with the pictogram include seawater degradable beverage cups, trash bags, flatware, milk bladders and wiping towels. jg p. 3

Descriptors :   *DEGRADATION, *NAVY, TEST AND EVALUATION, NAVAL PERSONNEL, WATER, HEALTH, TARGETS, ARMY EQUIPMENT, COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, SHIPBOARD, OCEANS, DISPOSAL, NAVAL SHORE FACILITIES, SOLID WASTES, SEA WATER, PICTURES, COAST GUARD, BEVERAGES, TOWELS.

Subject Categories : Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
      Marine Engineering
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE