Accession Number : ADA297953

Title :   The LINUX Operating System: An Introduction.

Descriptive Note : Contractor rept.,

Corporate Author : INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HAMPTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Bokhari, Shahid H.

PDF Url : ADA297953

Report Date : JUN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 21

Abstract : Linux is a Unix-like operating system for Intel 386/486/Pentium based IBM-P Cs and compatibles. The kernel of this operating system was written from scratch by Linus Torvalds and, although copyright by the author, may be freely distributed. A world-wide group of enthusiastic volunteers has collaborated in developing many aspects of Linux on the Internet. Linux can run the powerful set of compilers and programming tools (the GNU' corpus) of the Free Software Foundation, and XFree86, a port of the X Window System from MIT. Most capabilities associated with high performance workstations, such as networking, shared file systems, electronic mail, TEX, LTEX, etc. are freely available for Linux. It can thus transform cheap IBM-P C compatible machines into Unix workstations with considerable capabilities. The author explains how Linux may be obtained, installed and networked. He also describes some interesting applications for Linux that are freely available. One useful feature of Linux is its ability to coexist with other operating systems. Thus a user who has made an investment in DOS/MSWindows software, may continue running these applications on his machine and install Linux on a separate partition on his existing hard disk. If needed, files from DOS/MSWindows partitions can be accessed by Linux. The enormous consumer market for IBM-PC compatible machines continually drives down prices of CPU chips, memory, hard disks, CDROMs etc. Linux can convert such machines into powerful workstations that can be used for teaching, research and software development. For professionals who use Unix based workstations at work, Linux permits virtually identical working environments on their personal home machines.

Descriptors :   *OPERATING SYSTEMS(COMPUTERS), COMPUTER PROGRAMS, GLOBAL, ENVIRONMENTS, MARKETING, TOOLS, COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, COSTS, WORK STATIONS, CLONES, DISKS, COMPILERS, CONSUMERS, INTERNET, ELECTRONIC MAIL, COPYRIGHTS.

Subject Categories : Computer Programming and Software

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE