Accession Number : ADA298380

Title :   U.S. Coast Guard Marine Casualty Investigation and Reporting: Analysis and Recommendations for Improvement.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : COAST GUARD RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER GROTON CT

Personal Author(s) : Byers, James C. ; Hill, Susan G. ; Rothblum, Anita M.

PDF Url : ADA298380

Report Date : AUG 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 197

Abstract : As part of its mission to prevent and mitigate marine accidents, the U. S. Coast Guard (USCG) investigates the causes of marine casualties and analyzes investigation data in an effort to identify measures that will improve marine safety. It is estimated that 60-80% of marine casualties have human-related causes; therefore, it is important to record and analyze human errors in order to identify measures that will reduce these errors. In 1992 the USCG introduced a new casualty database, the Marine Investigations Module (MINMOD), which provided taxonomies for reporting human factors causes. The purpose of this project was to study the USCG casualty investigation process particularly with reference to the identification and reporting of human factors causes, analyze the data entry process, and make recommendations for improvements to the current computer system and the casualty investigation process. Six Marine Safety Offices (MSOs) were visited. Twenty-four Investigating Officers (lOs) and nine Senior Investigating Officers (S lOs) were interviewed. The data analysis revealed a number of problems with the collection and entry of marine casualty data in general, and human factors data in particular. The problems were discussed in terms of the requirements for an accurate and reliable database, and suggestions were made for addressing these problems.

Descriptors :   *CASUALTIES, *MARINE CORPS PERSONNEL, *COAST GUARD, *ACCIDENTS, DATA BASES, LINE OF SIGHT, DATA PROCESSING, INPUT, REQUIREMENTS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), COMPUTERS, ACCURACY, MODULAR CONSTRUCTION, HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, IDENTIFICATION, MARINE ATMOSPHERES, RELIABILITY, ERRORS, SAFETY, OCEAN ENVIRONMENTS, TAXONOMY.

Subject Categories : Information Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE