Accession Number : ADA298862

Title :   Dispersion-by-Chemical-Reaction Technology to Stabilize Asphalt Tar Eareckson Air Force Station, Shemya, Alaska,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : Bar, Gurdarshan S. ; Marion, Giles M.

PDF Url : ADA298862

Report Date : MAR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : Many military installations have soil contamination, ranging from heavy metals to petroleum products. This report evaluates the Dispersion-by-Chemical-Reaction (DCR) technology to remediate soil contaminated by asphalt tar at Eareckson Air Force Station on Shemya Island in Alaska. The OCR technology uses patented hydrophobized CaO (lime) as the primary reagent for stabilizing heavy metals and organics in a relatively insoluble CaCO3 matrix. Field work, conduct ed at Shemya in January 1994, showed OCR technology to significantly affect soil physical and chemical properties: moisture significantly decreased and temperature significantly increased during the mixing step (up to 95 deg C). The resultant product had a relatively low specific gravity (2.08 g cm-3) and a coarse texture (37% gravel, 56% sand and 6% fines). Because of the coarse texture, the treated soils had high hydraulic conductivities (>0.00027 cm per s). Reducing these for some applications will necessitate mixing with finer textured silts or clays. There were a few significant differences in chemical concentrations between OCR-treated and untreated soil, with the OCR-treated material generally having higher concentrations. This counterintuitive outcome is probably attributable to a poor mixing of the lime reagent and asphalt tar and the greater surface area of the treated end product. However, in all cases, contaminant levels were well below drinking water standards. In an independent laboratory-scale test on fuel-contaminated soils from Shemya, the OCR process successfully lowered organic chemical concentrations. (AN)

Descriptors :   *CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION, *ASPHALT, *SOIL POLLUTION, *TAR, ALASKA, GRAVEL, SAND, SOLIDIFICATION, SAMPLING, CLAY, LIMESTONE, MIXING, AIR FORCE FACILITIES, SOIL CHEMISTRY, HYDRAULICS, MOISTURE, AIR WATER INTERACTIONS, WASTE TREATMENT, FUEL CONTAMINATION, SOIL TESTS, SOIL STABILIZATION, CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY), PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, HEAVY METALS, DISPERSIONS, CALCIUM OXIDES, SILT, SPECIFIC GRAVITY, HYDRATION.

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Soil Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE