Accession Number : ADA298932

Title :   The Effect of Responses to Sexual Harassment on Depression,

Corporate Author : WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Moore, Margaret A. ; Britt, Thomas W. ; Bassan, Dave ; Bartone, Paul T.

PDF Url : ADA298932

Report Date : AUG 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 8

Abstract : This study examined the relationship between sexual harassment and depression as a function of the actions that women took in response to the harassment. Active duty military women, DoD- employed civilian women, and military and civilian spouses (N=767) responded to a survey on quality of life and work issues distributed to personnel throughout the US Army-Europe (USAREUR). Overall, women who reported that they had experienced sexual harassment since their arrival to USAREUR showed significantly higher levels of depression than women who reported that they had not experienced harassment. However, this was true only -for women who minimized the significance of the incident, attempted to keep the harassment to themselves, believed that their complaint would be ignored, or reported the harassment but were unaware of the outcome. These findings are discussed in terms of how women's perceptions of the organizational climate and grievance process may influence the actions they take in response to sexual harassment, resulting in differential mental health outcomes. (AN)

Descriptors :   *ARMY PERSONNEL, *WOMEN, *REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *SEXUAL HARASSMENT, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), ACTIVE DUTY, MENTAL HEALTH, CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, DISCRIMINATION, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE