Accession Number : ADA299011

Title :   The Development of an Operational Global Ocean Climatology Through the Use of Remotely Sensed Sea Surface Temperature,

Corporate Author : NAVAL ACADEMY ANNAPOLIS MD

Personal Author(s) : Winter, Timothy M.

PDF Url : ADA299011

Report Date : 09 MAY 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 71

Abstract : Monthly mean satellite-derived sea surface temperature SST data have been derived globally using daytime and nighttime AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) multi-channel data. From a 12 year data set (1982-1993), valid monthly daytime and nighttime climatologies were created using an eight year subset (1984-1990, 1993). Based on buoy comparisons, four years were omitted due to volcanic aerosol corruption (El Chichon 1982/83, Mt. Pinatubo 1991/92). These resulting monthly climatologies provide SST fields at approximately 1/3rd degree latitude/longitude resolution. Difference fields have been created comparing the new satellite climatology with the older and coarser-resolution climatology constructed from conventional SST data. Regional and zonal climatology differences were also created to highlight the deficiencies, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, in the older climatology believed to result primarily from a lack of buoy/ship (in situ) data. Such comparisons made it clear that the satellite climatology provided a much better product. Ocean current systems, El Nino, La Nina, and other water mass characteristics all appear with better detail and accuracy within the high-resolution satellite climatology.

Descriptors :   *OCEAN SURFACE, *CLIMATOLOGY, *SURFACE TEMPERATURE, DATA BASES, GLOBAL, SHIPS, OCEAN CURRENTS, ACCURACY, HIGH RESOLUTION, METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES, NIGHT, OCEANS, SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE, WATER MASSES, MULTICHANNEL, BUOYS.

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE