Accession Number : ADA299189

Title :   Wideband Photonic Crystals.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Jul-30 Dec 94,

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB

Personal Author(s) : Brown, E. R.

PDF Url : ADA299189

Report Date : 30 JUN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : This report summarizes two technical approaches aimed at developing three dimensional photonic crystals having wider stop bands than conventional crystals. The first approach is a composite photonic crystal made by stacking monoperiodic sections of a (111) oriented fcc crystal. Because of its similarity to heteroepitaxial structures made from semiconductors having different band gaps, we call it a photonic crystal heterostructure. By making a discrete change in the lattice constant between adjacent monoperiodic sections, the net stop band width can be increased well beyond that of a given section. In a stack of three different sections each having one fcc repeat unit, a stop band was measured between approximately 17 and 26 0Hz which gradually increased in depth with frequency. The second approach is a metallodielectric photonic crystal fabricated by placing metal spheres at each lattice site of a dielectric face centered cubic structure. The resulting sample displays an electromagnetic stop band spanning approximately one octave. The lower frequency edge of the stop band is consistent with the Mie condition for the metallic spheres, and the center frequency of the stop band depends on the periodicity of the lattice and the support dielectric material. For example, a sample having a cubic lattice constant of 1.65 cm, 3/3-inch-diameter chrome spheres at each atomic core, and Teflon support dielectric displayed a lower band edge of approximately 5.2 GHz, an upper band edge of about 12.8 GHz, and a maximum rejection at the center of the band of roughly 20 dB.

Descriptors :   *CRYSTAL LATTICES, *PHOTONICS, *MIE SCATTERING, METALS, DIELECTRICS, ENERGY GAPS, EPITAXIAL GROWTH, SEMICONDUCTORS, FREQUENCY BANDS, BROADBAND, PHOTONS, HETEROGENEITY, TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE RESINS, SUPERHIGH FREQUENCY.

Subject Categories : Crystallography
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE