Accession Number : ADA299237

Title :   Aircraft Evacuations Through Type-III Exits II: Effects of Individual Subject Differences.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF AVIATION MEDICINE

Personal Author(s) : McLean, G. A. ; George, M. H.

PDF Url : ADA299237

Report Date : AUG 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 21

Abstract : In recognition of this principle, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has established several Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) to assure that transport category aircraft are designed, manufactured, and operated in a manner that provides passengers an optimum emergency evacuation capability. Regulations that address the emergency evacuation capability of transport category aircraft include Section 25.807, Emergency exits; Section 25.809, Emergency exit arrangement; Section 25.810, Emergency egress assist means and escape routes; Section 25.811, Emergency exit marking; and Section 25.813, Emergency exit access. Each of these rules is specified in terms of the minimum criteria necessary for compliance; combined, these FARs provide for initial indications that transport category aircraft are designed to provide sufficient evacuation capability to comply with Section 25.803, Emergency evacuation, the so-called 90 second rule. Section 25.803 requires that, to be certificated under Section part 25, any type of transport category aircraft with a seating capacity greater than 44 passengers must be shown to be capable of evacuating its maximum seating capacity (including crewmembers) from the airplane to the ground in 90 seconds or less. FAR part 25, Appendix J, specifies the demonstration criteria and procedures to be used for showing compliance with this rule; Advisory Circular (AC) 25.803 provides further clarifications of how the demonstration(s) should be conducted.

Descriptors :   *EMERGENCIES, *AIRCRAFT, *CAPACITY(QUANTITY), *HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, *AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION, SIMULATION, GROUND LEVEL, OPTIMIZATION, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, DEMONSTRATIONS, AERONAUTICS, CREWS, TRANSPORT, ROUTING, TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT, ESCAPE SYSTEMS, REGULATIONS, ERGONOMICS, EXITS, PASSENGERS, EVACUATION, SEATS.

Subject Categories : Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Safety Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE