Accession Number : ADA299423

Title :   The Center of Gravity Concept: A Knowledge Engineering Approach to Improved Understanding and Application.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 94-2 Jun 95,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Keppler, Timothy J.

PDF Url : ADA299423

Report Date : 02 JUN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 116

Abstract : This thesis investigates ways to contend with Carl von Clausewitz's center of gravity concept. It describes the concept's importance and the alarming degree of confusion regarding its application. The thesis describes the use of knowledge engineering techniques to study the thought processes that selected War College instructors use when applying the center of gravity concept. It synthesizes the best approaches to center of gravity determination from this research into a methodology. The study finds that while war is very complex, nonlinear, and dynamic and is impacted by a myriad of important variables that planners must consider, the strategic center of gravity is usually some aspect of that which controls the state, alliance, coalition, or group, and the operational center of gravity is usually some aspect of the military force(s). The strategic center of gravity is usually found at or above the strategic national level while the operational center of gravity is usually found at the strategic theater level. The study also describes the dynamic linkages between relative interests, objectives, time, and centers of gravity. (AN)

Descriptors :   *MILITARY STRATEGY, *THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, CENTER OF GRAVITY, POLICIES, DECISION MAKING, LEADERSHIP, STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, MILITARY DOCTRINE, VULNERABILITY, THESES, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC WARFARE, ARMY OPERATIONS, MILITARY PLANNING, MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE