Accession Number : ADA299635

Title :   Quantitative Analysis of Abyssal Hills in the Atlantic Ocean: A Correlation Between Axis Mantle Temperature and Extensional Faulting.

Descriptive Note : Draft rept.,

Corporate Author : TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN INST FOR GEOPHYSICS

Personal Author(s) : Goff, John A. ; Jaroslow, Gary E. ; Kleinrock, Martin C. ; Tucholke, Brian E.

PDF Url : ADA299635

Report Date : 26 NOV 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : A recent cruise to the ONR Atlantic Natural Lab gathered 100% Hydrosweep bathymetric coverage, >200% MRi side-scan coverage, gravity and magnetics over an area spanning three ridge segments along axis (-25deg25N to -27deg 10N) and crustal ages from 0 to 30 Ma west of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This data set represents a first opportunity for an extensive regional analysis of abyssal created at a slow spreading rate ridge. We apply the method of Goff and Jordan (1988) for the estimation of 2-D statistical properties of abyssal hill morphology from the gridded Hydrosweep bathymetry. Important abyssal hill parameters derived from this analysis include the rms height, characteristic width, plan-view aspect ratio, and lineament azimuth. The primary purpose of this work is to further constrain the relationship between abyssal hill morphology and the properties of the ridge crest at which they were formed. The analysis is segmented into two sub-studies: analysis of near axis (< 7 Ma) abyssal hills for each of the three segments, and analysis of temporal variations (-1-29 Ma) in abyssal hill morphology along the southern segment (the only segment that clearly persists over the entire age range sampled). The results of this analysis are compared and correlated with analysis of the gravity data and the determination of faulting characteristics based on the MR1 side-scan data.

Descriptors :   *ABYSSAL ZONES, *OCEAN RIDGES, *SEAFLOOR SPREADING, FAULTS(GEOLOGY), BATHYMETRY, OCEAN BOTTOM TOPOGRAPHY, ASPECT RATIO, EAST PACIFIC RISE, VOLCANOES, EARTH MANTLE, UPWELLING, SIDE LOOKING SONAR, MIDATLANTIC RIDGE.

Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE