Accession Number : ADA299732

Title :   Seminole Negro Indians, Macabebes, and Civilian Irregulars: Models for the Future Employment of Indigenous Forces.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis 2 Aug 94-2 Jun 95,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Holman, Victor

PDF Url : ADA299732

Report Date : 02 JUN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 88

Abstract : This study investigates the history of employing indigenous people as military units in combat. It reviews the circumstances surrounding the employment of people as auxiliary and irregular units. It also examines the wisdom of employing indigenous people in future conflicts given the shift in the current security environment. Examples are drawn from three different U.S. conflicts: the Indian Wars of the Nineteenth Century, the Philippine Insurrection in 1898, and the Vietnam conflict. It begins with the U.S. Army precedent set by the enlisting the Seminole Negro Indians as scouts in 1866. The study then examines subsequent indigenous personnel employed by the U.S. military, to include the Macabebe Scouts in the Philippines and the Civilian Irregular Defense Group in Vietnam. This paper highlights key figures in each conflict to include John Horse a Seminole leader and Lieutenant John L. Bullis in the Indian Wars, General Henry Lawton and Lieutenant M. A. Batson in the Philippine Insurrection, and Colonel Edward G. Lansdale, Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Simons and Colonel Gilbert Layton in Vietnam. All three groups of indigenous forces were cited for providing a great deal of additional intelligence and firepower to their respective U.S. commander, thereby lending credence to possibly continuing their use. jg p.2

Descriptors :   *CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, *MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, *PHILIPPINES, *INDIGENOUS POPULATION, *AMERICAN INDIANS, WARFARE, ENVIRONMENTS, DEFENSE SYSTEMS, SECURITY, THESES, FIREPOWER, VIETNAM.

Subject Categories : Defense Systems
      Sociology and Law
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE