Accession Number : ADA300041

Title :   Operational Art and Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain.

Descriptive Note : Monograph,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Goligowski, Steven P.

PDF Url : ADA300041

Report Date : 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 67

Abstract : This monograph examines the contemporary environment of military operations on urbanized terrain (MOUT) and explores key issues that the US Army must resolve to improve its ability to conduct major operations in urban environments. From the analysis and discussion of these issues, the monograph draws conclusions about the sources of these issues and makes recommendations for implementing possible courses of action to resolve the issues. The monograph begins by examining the social, military, economic, and political forces that create the contemporary MOUT environment. The research data examined in the monograph indicates that MOUT is becoming both more frequent and a more decisive component of contemporary warfare. The monograph next discusses how the US Army has traditionally approached the conduct of MOUT. It finds that current US MOUT doctrine can be traced directly back to the lessons learned in Europe in World War II. The Army has placed little emphasis on changing or updating MOUT doctrine since that time. Next, three case studies are presented that illustrate three types of urban conflict the US can expect to face in the future: combat against conventional forces, peacekeeping/peacemaking operations, and aid to civil authorities. The case studies used are: the American intervention in the Dominican Republic, 1965-1966; the battle of Hue, Republic of Vietnam, 1968; and British operations in Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1969-1985. After reviewing these historical case studies the monograph examines the implications of planning a major urban operation in terms of creating an acceptable balance of aims, ways, means, and risks to provide the greatest chances of success for the operation.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *URBAN WARFARE, EUROPE, CENTER OF GRAVITY, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, ENVIRONMENTS, LESSONS LEARNED, THEORY, TERRAIN, CASE STUDIES, HISTORY, CONFLICT, NORTH(DIRECTION), IRELAND, INTERVENTION, VIETNAM, GREAT BRITAIN, URBAN AREAS, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE