Accession Number : ADA300060

Title :   Virtual Tools. A Framework for Simplifying Sensory-Motor Control in Robotic Systems.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : ROCHESTER UNIV NY DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Nelson, Randal C. ; Jaegersand, Martin ; Fuentes, Olac

PDF Url : ADA300060

Report Date : MAR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : We describe and demonstrate a construct termed a "virtual tool", that provides a flexible interface to sensory-motor control. This interface is, from a user standpoint, substantially less complex, and more application-oriented than the raw devices. The basic idea is to use extra degrees of freedom present in a flexible system, in conjunction with sophisticated sensing (e.g. vision), to dynamically configure or "tailor" a manipulator so that it is matched to a particular situation and operation. This "virtual tool" is created by imposing customized, sensory modulated constraints between various degrees of freedom in the system. The remaining degrees of freedom constitute a small set of control parameters that are fitted to a particular operation. We argue that, within the confines of fairly broad application domains, a small set of "tool classes" can be defined that will serve as a general purpose sensory-motor toolbox for a wide variety of applications. We further argue that such class definitions can be made portable not only across tasks, but across platforms as well. The implementation of a number of basic tool classes, on various platforms, using vision and other sensory modalities, is described; and their use in performing multi-stage sensory-modulated manipulation tasks is illustrated.

Descriptors :   *ROBOTICS, *TOOLS, CONTROL, INTERFACES, PARAMETERS, DEGREES OF FREEDOM, VISION.

Subject Categories : Cybernetics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE