Accession Number : ADA300093

Title :   The Effect of Qualitative Explanations and Pictures on Learning, Retention, and

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Sep 91-Oct 93,

Corporate Author : NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Whitehill, Betty V. ; Ellis, John A.

PDF Url : ADA300093

Report Date : OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 31

Abstract : Two experiments investigated the effects of qualitative explanations and pictures on learning, retention, and transfer of a procedural assembly task. Results showed (1) functional explanations are more effective than structural explanations in learning and remembering a procedural task, however, their effects are diminished when learning subsequent similar tasks, (2) providing pictures facilitates learning but does not help performance once the task has been learned to criterion, and (3) previous experience in a task domain results in positive transfer to new tasks in the same domain.

Descriptors :   *LEARNING, *PICTURES, SKILLS, JOB TRAINING, MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), TRANSFER, ASSEMBLY, NAVAL TRAINING, TRANSFER OF TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE