Accession Number : ADA300235

Title :   Development of a Field Method for Quantifying Ammonium Picrate and Picric Acid in Soil and Water.

Descriptive Note : Special rept.,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : Thorne, Philip G. ; Jenkins, Thomas F.

PDF Url : ADA300235

Report Date : AUG 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : Methods for the detection and quantification of ammonium picrate and picric acid in soil and water were developed. Picrate ions were extracted from water directly or from acetone extracts of soil by solid-phase, acidic, ion-exchange materials. Elution from the ion exchangers was accomplished by converting the retained picrate to picric acid using strong aqueous, acid-organic solvent mixtures. The resulting colorless solution was then converted back to a colored picrate solution by dilution with water. Quantification and correction for background interferences were based on spectrophotometric measurements. A colorimetric, chemical confirmation of picrate was possible for the water method. The method detection limits were determined to be 1.3 micro g/g for soil and 3.6 micro g/L for water. Both methods can be implemented under field conditions. jg p.2

Descriptors :   *WATER, *FIELD TESTS, *SOIL TESTS, *PICRIC ACID, *AMMONIUM PICRATE, CONVERSION, MEASUREMENT, DETECTION, MATERIALS, SOLIDS, EXPLOSIVES, PHASE, ORGANIC SOLVENTS, DILUTION, ACETONES, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, FIELD CONDITIONS, ION EXCHANGE, COLORIMETRY, ELUTION, SPECTROPHOTOMETRY.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Soil Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE