Accession Number : ADA300430

Title :   The Quantum Dynamics of an Excess Proton in Water.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : PENNSYLVANIA UNIV PHILADELPHIA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Lobaugh, J. ; Voth, Gregory A.

PDF Url : ADA300430

Report Date : 09 OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : The quantum dynamics and energtics of an excess in water have been studied computationally. Comparison of a quantum mechanical treatment of the transferring proton and the water solvent is made with a classical treatment of the same system. The exchange of the proton between two water molecules is found to be an activationless quantum process. Analysis of the microscopic structure of the solvent around the proton transfer complex is also carried out, and the quantum IR spectrum of the transferring proton is calculated and analyzed in terms of Zundel polarization. The Groetthus mechanism for proton migration in water is also examined within the context of the model. Groetthus behavior is suggested to depend critically on the dynamics of water molecules in the second solvation shell of the H502(+) complex, as well as the inward fluctuations of the oxygen- oxygen distance of water molecules that hydrogen bond to the H5O2(+) complex in the first solvation shell. The quantum effects on the nuclear dynamics are found to be significant.

Descriptors :   *QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, *SOLVATION, POLARIZATION, HYDROGEN BONDS, EXCHANGE REACTIONS, WATER, PROTONS, CHARGE TRANSFER, SOLVENTS, MIGRATION, RANGE(DISTANCE).

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE