Accession Number : ADA300488

Title :   Swedish Security Policy at a Crossroads.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Ericsson, Jorgen

PDF Url : ADA300488

Report Date : 19 MAY 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 25

Abstract : Swedish security policy at a crossroads. Since the beginning of the nineteenth century, Sweden has pursued a security policy of non alignment in peace time, claiming neutrality in the event of war. This policy, which has proved successful since Sweden has not taken part in any war since 1813, is fully accepted and deeply rooted in the Swedish society. However in the recent years the situation in Europe has undergone significant change. The end of the cold war has rewritten the geographical and political map of Europe. The threat of a major war in Europe has disappeared, but new threats, uncertainties and unknowns have emerged, challenging the security of Europe. In addition to these changes, Sweden has, together with Finland and Austria, gained membership in the European Union (EU). The members of the EU have, in the European Treaty, agreed to found the union, not only on free trade, but also a common foreign and security policy. The new situation calls for a reevaluation of Swedish security policy, besides the present policy, there are two other alternatives that should as analysed, (1) to be a member in NATO, (2) to be a member in the western European Union (NEU).

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *SECURITY, USSR, NATO, EUROPE, WARFARE, POLICIES, POLITICAL SCIENCE, COMMERCE, ORGANIZATIONS, DEFENSE SYSTEMS, PEACETIME, IMPACT, DEGRADATION, THREATS, ALIGNMENT, TIME, GUARANTEES, COLD WAR, MAPS, EXPANSION, TREATIES, AUSTRIA, GEOGRAPHY, SWEDEN, EASTERN EUROPE, FINLAND, WESTERN EUROPE.

Subject Categories : Defense Systems

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE