Accession Number : ADA300667

Title :   The Foundation of United States Security Assistance to Egypt: 1969-1979.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Massey, Donald S.

PDF Url : ADA300667

Report Date : SEP 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 77

Abstract : This study sought to identify the role of U.S. foreign policy in shaping Egypt's transition from Soviet economic and military aid to U.S. security assistance from 1969 to 1979 and the factors shaping that transition. An historical analysis of the Nixon, Ford, and Carter Administrations and their foreign policy towards Egypt and the Middle East during the period in question was employed to complete this study. The researcher determined that U.S. diplomacy and dialogue in negotiating an Egyptian-Israeli peace resulted in the end to Soviet economic and military aid to Egypt. During the negotiating process, U.S. economic and military aid served as both reward and enticement as Egypt moved towards peace with Israel. The trickle of U.S. security assistance became a torrent when Egypt signed a permanent peace treaty with israel. Signed in 1979, the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty signaled the end to Soviet involvement in Egypt and the beginning of large scale U.S. security assistance. The factors motivating three presidential administrations during this period were countering Soviet influence in the region, reducing or eliminating the prospects of further Arab-Israeli conflict, and maintaining a secure, steady flow of oil from the region for the U.S. and its allies.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *MILITARY ASSISTANCE, ISRAEL, USSR, MILITARY HISTORY, NATIONAL SECURITY, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, DECISION MAKING, INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, ECONOMIC IMPACT, ARABS, EGYPT, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), POLITICAL ALLIANCES, THESES, ARMS CONTROL, CONFLICT, PRESIDENT(UNITED STATES), TREATIES, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, FOREIGN MILITARY SALES, POLITICAL NEGOTIATIONS, FOREIGN AID, PEACEKEEPING.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE