Accession Number : ADA300989

Title :   Engineer Field Squadron: A New Engineer Organization for Operations Other Than War (OOTW).

Descriptive Note : Monograph,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Marich, Lou L.

PDF Url : ADA300989

Report Date : 16 MAY 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 56

Abstract : During the closing days of the Cold War, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers reorganized the combat engineer units in support of the armored and mechanized divisions. The collapse of the Soviet Union and her proxy allies left the U.S. Army increasingly confronted with emphasis on Operations Other Than War (OOTW). This created a dilemma: new types of operations and organizations optimized for the old, Soviet, threat. This monograph asks the question: Which engineer organization is better suited for OOTW, the U.S. or the British? The organization and capabilities of the two engineer units are analyzed to determine which organization is better suited for OOTW. Fist, current U.S. Army doctrine is examined, specifically the tenets of army operations and the principles of OOTW. These establish the criteria for units involved in OOTW. Second, three OOTW operations are studied to identify the OOTW requirements placed on engineer units. The case studies: Lebanon, 1958; Dominican Republic, 1965; and Bosnia- Herzegovina, 1982-83; show that versatility is the principal criteria for engineer success in OOTW. Next the U.S. and British engineer organizations are examined-their personnel, equipment, structure , and capabilities. The fourth part of the study compares the combat engineer company and the field squadron using the criteria established by theory and historical examples. The last section summarizes the results and answers the thesis question. The U.S. divisional combat engineer companies have become too narrowly focused; they have lost much of the versatility and capability for which the engineers are justifiably famous. The Royal Engineer Field Squadron is a better organization for the types of operations the Army is likely to be facing in the future.

Descriptors :   *ENGINEERS, *ARMY OPERATIONS, *MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, *SQUADRONS, LEBANON, USSR, WARFARE, ORGANIZATIONS, MILITARY DOCTRINE, THESES, CASE STUDIES, COLD WAR, ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, COMPANY LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, DIVISION LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, GREAT BRITAIN, ARMORED VEHICLES, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, MILITARY ENGINEERS, MECHANIZATION.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE