Accession Number : ADA301050

Title :   Unified Computer Model for Predicting Thermochemical Erosion in Gun Barrels.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER WATERVLIET NY BENET LABS

Personal Author(s) : Dunn, Stuart ; Sopok, Samuel ; Coats, Douglas ; O'Hara, Peter ; Nickerson, Gary

PDF Url : ADA301050

Report Date : MAY 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 69

Abstract : The first known gun barrel thermochemical erosion modeling code is presented. This modeling code provides the necessary missing element needed for developing a generalized gun barrel erosion modeling code that can provide analysis and design information that is unattainable by experiment alone. At the current stage of code development, single-shot comparisons can be made of either the same gun wall material for different rounds or different gun wall materials for the same round. This complex computer analysis is based on rigorous scientific thermochemical erosion considerations that have been validated in the reentry nosetip and rocket nozzle community over the last forty years. The 115-mm M2O3 Unicannon system example is used to illustrate the five module analyses for chromium and gun steel wall materials for the same round. The first two modules include the standard gun community interior ballistics (XNOVA/CtC) and nonideal gas thermochemical equilibrium (BLAKE) codes. The last three modules, significantly modified for gun barrels, include the standard rocket community mass addition boundary layer (rDK/MABL). gas-wall chemistry (rDK/oDE). and wall material ablation conduction erosion (MACE) codes. These five module analyses provide recession, temperature, and heat flux profiles for each material as a function of time and axial position. In addition, this output can he coupled to FEA cracking codes. At the peak heat load axial position, predicted single-shot thermochemical wall erosion showed uncracked gun steel eroded by a factor of one hundred million more than uncracked chromium. For chromium plated gun steel, with its associated crack profile, it appears that gun steel ablation at the chromium cracks leaves unsupported chromium, which is subsequently removed by the high-speed gas flow. (AN)

Descriptors :   *GUN BARRELS, *EROSION, *THERMOCHEMISTRY, HEAT TRANSFER, COMPUTER PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, ABLATION, REACTION KINETICS, HIGH TEMPERATURE, CRACKING(FRACTURING), BOUNDARY LAYER, HIGH PRESSURE, GAS DYNAMICS, STEEL, MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION, HOT GASES, CHROMIUM, HEAT FLUX, SURFACE TEMPERATURE, CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM, THERMAL DEGRADATION, THERMAL STRESSES, GAS SURFACE INTERACTIONS, GUN PROPELLANTS, GAS FLOW, INTERIOR BALLISTICS, HOWITZERS.

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Guns
      Thermodynamics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE