Accession Number : ADA301090

Title :   Biotechnology To Separate and Treat Metals in Sludge and Wastewater: A Literature Review.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL

Personal Author(s) : Kim, Byung ; Cha, Daniel K. ; Song, June S.

PDF Url : ADA301090

Report Date : SEP 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 45

Abstract : Army industrial sludge may be classified as a hazardous waste when it contains oil and grease, metals, and energetic compounds. It is difficult to treat this hazardous waste according to regulatory requirements at a reasonable cost using conventional sludge treatment methods. Biologic separation/treatment of metals from industrial sludge has been identified as a possible alternative to conventional technologies for treating industrial sludge. Biologic treatment of sludge uses naturally occurring biochemical reactions in which pollutants can be used as resources. The process offers a low-cost, highly efficient alternative to existing sludge treatment methods. This report summarizes a literature review that examined the development and status of biotechnology to separate and treat metals in sludge and wastewater.

Descriptors :   *METALS, *WASTE WATER, *HAZARDOUS WASTES, *BIOTECHNOLOGY, *WASTE TREATMENT, INDUSTRIES, BIOLOGY, LITERATURE SURVEYS, BIOCHEMISTRY, COSTS, SEPARATION, POLLUTANTS, GREASES, ARMY, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, SLUDGE.

Subject Categories : Protective Equipment
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Metallurgy and Metallography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE