Accession Number : ADA301267

Title :   A Theoretical Investigation of Longitudinal Stability of Airplanes with Free Controls Including Effect of Friction in Control System,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Greenberg, Harry ; Sternfield, Leonard

PDF Url : ADA301267

Report Date : 1944

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : The relation between the elevator hinge moment parameters and the control forces for changes in forward speed and in maneuvers is shown for several values of static stability and elevator mass balance. The stability of the short period oscillations is shown as a series of boundaries giving the limits of the stable regions in terms of the elevator hinge moment parameters. The effects of static stability, elevator moment of inertia, elevator mass unbalance, and airplane density are also considered. Dynamic instability is likely to occur if there is mass unbalance of the elevator control system combined with a small restoring tendency (high aerodynamic balance). This instability can be prevented by a rearrangement of the unbalancing weights which, however, involves an increase of the amount of weight necessary. It can also be prevented by the addition of viscous friction to the elevator control system provided the airplane center of gravity is not behind a certain critical position. For high values of the density parameter, which correspond to high altitudes of flight, the addition of moderate amounts of viscous friction may be destabilizing even when the airplane is statically stable. In this case, increasing the viscous friction makes the oscillation stable again. The condition in which viscous friction causes dynamic instability of a statically stable airplane is limited to a definite range of hinge moment parameters. It is shown that, when viscous friction causes increasing oscillations, solid friction will produce steady oscillations having an amplitude proportional to the amount of friction.

Descriptors :   *FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS, *AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS, *STATIC STABILITY, STEADY STATE, DENSITY, CENTER OF GRAVITY, PITCH(MOTION), AIRCRAFT, PARAMETERS, MASS, THEORY, SHORT RANGE(TIME), BOUNDARIES, BALANCE, HIGH ALTITUDE, VALUE, OSCILLATION, FRICTION, VISCOSITY, INSTABILITY, HINGES, MOMENT OF INERTIA, LONGITUDE, ELEVATORS.

Subject Categories : Aerodynamics
      Flight Control and Instrumentation

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE