Accession Number : ADA301307
Title : Army Industrial Sludge Management Technologies: An Evaluation and Recommendations for Improvement.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
Personal Author(s) : Kim, Byung J. ; Hunter, Gary ; Kobylinski, Edmond ; Martin, Phil
PDF Url : ADA301307
Report Date : SEP 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 82
Abstract : The industrial sludge generated by U.S. Army installations contains oil, grease. metals, and energetic compounds; and is frequently classified as hazardous waste. Treatment of wastewater from industrial operations at Army ammunition plants. depots, and arsenals generates a large quantity of sludge that requires special handling and disposal. Treatment of the wastewater results in annual disposal costs in the millions of dollars. The sludge management practices at four U.S. Army installations were studied to assess the current status of industrial waste treatment; to make recommendations for the improvement of current sludge management systems by applying proven technologies; and to determine future needs tor research and development of treatment technologies. Technologies and management techniques that can improve the Army's current industrial sludge management include: process water reuse, electrowinning, solvent recycling, inventory control, optimal chemical use, electrochemical precipitation, membrane separation, crystallization, and dewatering. This report makes specific recommendations for each installation. Promising and future technologies needing further development include: membrane separation for various applications, recycling and reuse technologies such as regeneration of activated carbon containing energetic waste, closed loop water treatment and reuse technologies, new generation sludge thickening and dewatering technologies, and biological treatment and separation of heavy metals.
Descriptors : *WASTE WATER, *WASTE MANAGEMENT, *SLUDGE, *WASTES(INDUSTRIAL), OPTIMIZATION, CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION, ARMY FACILITIES, ELECTROCHEMISTRY, WATER TREATMENT, ACTIVATED CARBON, SUPPLY DEPOTS, SEPARATION, CHROMIUM, INVENTORY CONTROL, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, WASTE DISPOSAL, GREASES, HAZARDOUS WASTES, OIL POLLUTION, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, ARMY OPERATIONS, WASTE RECYCLING, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, RDX, TNT, WASTE TREATMENT, CLOSED LOOP SYSTEMS, HEAVY METALS, EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL, WATER RECLAMATION, CYANINE.
Subject Categories : Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
Water Pollution and Control
Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
Ammunition and Explosives
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE