Accession Number : ADA302220

Title :   Functional Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation of the Vestibular System.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Dec 91-Dec 94,

Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA

Personal Author(s) : Riccio, Gary E. ; McMillan, Grant R. ; Cress, Jeffrey D. ; Schnurer, John H.

PDF Url : ADA302220

Report Date : AUG 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : The research described in this report is being conducted to support the development of a new technology. This technology builds on prior research and existing technology in which humans and machines work synergistically to control self motion in situations that are demanding because of limitations to sensory or motor systems. Significant improvement in the simulation of self motion could be made if there were a means to control independently the stimulation of the vestibular system. A related need in the domain of sensory prosthetics is for a device that could enhance or restore vestibular function as a conventional "hearing aid" restores auditory function. Such a vestibular prosthesis could have a significant impact on the lives of people with balance disorders. We chose to develop the technology for transcutaneous electrical stimulation because of its potential for independently controlling stimulation of inner-ear structures (EVS) and because of the existence of supporting technology and research. We replicated the results of other investigators in that we have produced sensations of self motion and manipulated them with EVS. The central issues involved in the development and use of EVS in aerospace and prosthetic applications are discussed in this report.

Descriptors :   *FUNCTIONS, *STIMULATION(PHYSIOLOGY), *VESTIBULAR APPARATUS, *ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY, CONTROL, STIMULATION(GENERAL), HUMANS, MOTION, BALANCE, MACHINES, MOTORS, HEARING, SENSES(PHYSIOLOGY), PROSTHETICS.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE