Accession Number : ADA302282

Title :   Sodium MRI of Rat Breast Tumors.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 1 Sep 94-31 Aug 95,

Corporate Author : PENNSYLVANIA UNIV PHILADELPHIA

Personal Author(s) : Song, Hee K.

PDF Url : ADA302282

Report Date : SEP 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 11

Abstract : Our objective is to use sodium MR imaging techniques to differentiate various breast tumor types in the rat. Specifically, we propose to determine and compare the sodium concentration and the Ti and T2 relaxation parameters for two rat breast tumor lines. Since sodium images have intrinsically low signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), the first part of this research involves implementing various methods to increase the SNR of sodium images. Three methods were proposed: use a higher field MR magnet, build an RF coil pair that transmits with a body coil but receives with a surface coil, and implement a filtered backprojection method of image acquisition and reconstruction. This part of the project is nearly complete. The coil pair has been built and tested successfully, and the MR scanner has been programmed to collect data to be reconstructed using the backprojection technique. To verify that multiexponential decays exist in the tumors, a simple spectroscopy experiment was performed on three rats implanted with breast tumors. Biexpenential decay was visible in the data, although there were large variations in the values of the decay constants, mostly likely due to susceptibility effects. This effect will not be a major factor in determining the relaxation parameters from the actual imaging experiments since spin echoes will be used for imaging.

Descriptors :   *SODIUM, *MAMMARY GLANDS, *BREAST CANCER, *MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, COILS, ACQUISITION, RATS, SPECTROSCOPY, PARAMETERS, SIGNAL TO NOISE RATIO, NEOPLASMS, SURFACES, DIAGNOSIS(MEDICINE), ECHOES, CONSTANTS, LOW LEVEL, RELAXATION, SPINNING(MOTION), RADIOFREQUENCY, DECAY.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Nuclear Physics & Elementary Particle Physics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE