Accession Number : ADA302557

Title :   Gender Differences in Emergency Shipboard Damage-Control Task Performance: Human Factors Solutions.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Nov 94-Sep 95,

Corporate Author : NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD

Personal Author(s) : Marcinik, E. J. ; Shake, C. L. ; Fothergill, D. M. ; Amerson, T. L.

PDF Url : ADA302557

Report Date : OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 36

Abstract : As an alternative to developing exclusionary performance-based selection standards, the approach of this study was to modify the demands of shipboard damage-control tasks by using mechanical aids. Tasks selected included a mannequin drag (maximum distance in 30 s) and a CO2 bottle extinguisher carry (measured in seconds). A tether device and a shoulder strap were developed to improve performance on the respective tasks. Subjects were 24 women and 23 men stationed onboard the USS Emory S. Land (AS-39). Results indicated that average mannequin drag distance was 8.1 m for women and 25.2 m for men.

Descriptors :   *HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, *SHIPBOARD, *DAMAGE CONTROL, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES, PROTOTYPES, SOLUTIONS(GENERAL), STRAPS, RANGE(DISTANCE), DRAG, REFINING, WOMEN, SHOULDERS(ANATOMY), MANNEQUINS, TETHERING.

Subject Categories : Marine Engineering
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE