Accession Number : ADA302730
Title : Area Handbook Series. Indian Ocean Five Island Countries.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC FEDERAL RESEARCH DIV
Personal Author(s) : Metz, Helen C.
PDF Url : ADA302730
Report Date : AUG 1994
Pagination or Media Count : 424
Abstract : A VAST REGION, the Indian Ocean encompasses an area of about 73.4 million square kilometers, or roughly 14 percent of the earth's surface. The region has been defined variously, depending on whether the Antarctic Sea is included. Commonly, the Indian Ocean is thought to stretch from East Africa (or specifically from the southern tip of Africa at Cape Agulhas where it meets the Atlantic) to Tasmania (where it meets the Pacific), and from Asia to Antarctica. Historically, the region has played a prominent commercial role in East-West trade since early times. For the colonial powers, particularly Britain and France, in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries until the construction of the Suez Canal in 1869, the islands of the Indian Ocean provided trading posts and refueling locations en route to their colonies in the East. More recently, the Indian Ocean was a focal point of East-West tension because it served as a route through which much oil from the Persian Gulf states passed in shipment to markets elsewhere.
Descriptors : *HANDBOOKS, *INDIAN OCEAN, *ANTARCTIC REGIONS, POSITION(LOCATION), COMMERCE, FRANCE, EARTH SURFACE, OCEANS, REFUELING, ASIA, ISLANDS, SUEZ CANAL.
Subject Categories : Geography
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE