Accession Number : ADA302767

Title :   Race, Gender, and Representation Index as Predictors of Equal Opportunity Climate in Military Organizations.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. May-Aug 95,

Corporate Author : DEFENSE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY MANAGEMENT INST PATRICK AFB FL

Personal Author(s) : Dansby, Mickey R. ; Lanis, Dan

PDF Url : ADA302767

Report Date : OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : Recent analyses of the perceptions of Equal Opportunity Climate (EOC) in the military highlight differences among various demographic subgroups. Prior research (Dansby, 1994) indicates minority officer women have the least favorable views of EOC in military organizations when contrasted to comparable demographic subgroups (i.e., Caucasian officer men, etc.). Differences based on race, gender, and representation index (proportion of the total represented by a particular demographic group) are explored in a sample of 190 Army units (N =47,823) that conducted the Military Equal Opportunity Climate Survey between 1990 and 1995. As predicted, minority officer women's perceptions of the favorability of the EOC improved as their representation in the organization increased (p <.05). Contrary to expectation, educational attainment failed to predict improved perceptions of EOC. The findings are interpreted as supporting the strategy of increasing representation as a means to improving perceived EOC.

Descriptors :   *MINORITIES, *MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *HUMAN RELATIONS, *EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, EDUCATION, PREDICTIONS, STATISTICAL DATA, ENLISTED PERSONNEL, DEMOGRAPHY, SURVEYS, CLIMATE, INDEXES, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, HYPOTHESES, OFFICER PERSONNEL, WOMEN, STANDARD DEVIATION.

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE