Accession Number : ADA302904

Title :   Sexual Harassment of Navy Personnel: Results of a 1993 Survey.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 93-Oct 94,

Corporate Author : NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Thomas, Patricia J. ; Newell, Carol E. ; Eliassen, Dawn M.

PDF Url : ADA302904

Report Date : NOV 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 48

Abstract : The Navy Equal Opportunity/Sexual Harassment (NEOSH) Survey was developed in 1989 to monitor perceptions of disparate treatment and sexual harassment The 1993 NEOSH Survey was mailed to a stratified sample of 9,537 officer and enlisted personnel. Post-stratification weighting of responses by gender, paygrade, and racial/ethnic group was performed prior to data analysis. Comparisons were made between subgroups in the 1993 sample and across years. Frequency data were interpreted with the chi-square test for significance (p <.01). Rates of sexual harassment were significantly lower in 1993 than in 1991 for officer and enlisted women, and for enlisted men. All re-measured harassing behaviors displayed a downward trend except for actual or attempted sexual assault/rape. Sexual harassment perpetrated by supervisors showed a significant decline, but harassment of women officers by civilians increased. Although very few victims of sexual harassment filed a grievance, the percentage who confronted their harasser rose. Opinions of women and men concerning the commitment of the Navy and their local commands to combat sexual harassment were significantly more positive than in 1991. However, victims of sexual harassment expressed a significantly lower reenlistment intent than non-victims. It was recommended that: (1) training emphasize the responsibility of seniors in preventing the harassment of juniors; (2) civilian contractors be required to comply with Navy's sexual harassment policy; and (3) the Sexual Assault Victims Intervention program and new sexual assault reporting and tracking system be monitored to determine whether they are achieving their goals.

Descriptors :   *NAVAL PERSONNEL, *SEXUAL HARASSMENT, DATA PROCESSING, MONITORING, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), ASSAULT, ENLISTED PERSONNEL, CONTRACTORS, TRACKING, SURVEYS, PATTERNS, SUPERVISORS, ETHNIC GROUPS, MALES, CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, OFFICER PERSONNEL, WOMEN, STRATIFICATION, QUESTIONNAIRES, CHI SQUARE TEST, REENLISTMENT, SEX, MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS, ABSENTEEISM, RACE RELATIONS.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE