Accession Number : ADA302996

Title :   Interior Wetlands of the United States. A Review of Wetland Status, General Ecology, Biodiversity, and Management.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : IDAHO UNIV MOSCOW DEPT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES

Personal Author(s) : Giudice, John H. ; Ratti, John T.

PDF Url : ADA302996

Report Date : NOV 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 156

Abstract : Interior, freshwater wetlands of the United States include potholes, marshes, swamps, bogs, fens, and riparian wetlands. These wetlands are diverse in form and function and have unique properties that make them different from both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The biological complexity and ecological functions of wetlands make these ecosystems among the most valuable and productive on earth (Mitsch and Gosselink 1986:11). For example, wetlands are valued for functions such as surface-water storage, groundwater recharge, removal and transformation of nutrients, and soil stabilization (Greeson, Clark, and Clark 1979; Smith et al., In Preparation). Wetlands also provide habitat for fish and wildlife, including a third of the nation's threatened and endangered species (National Research Council (NRC) 1992a:265). Despite their ecological importance, wetlands have been lost and degraded at alarming rates. An estimated 53 percent of the original 89.4 million ha of wetlands in the lower 48 States were lost by the mid-1970s (Dahl 1990), and losses continued at approximately 117,000 ha per year from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s (Dahl and Johnson 1991). The national policy has changed gradually over the past 20 years from 'encouraging the draining and filling of 'worthless swampland' to recognizing the many benefits provided by wetlands and considering them a valuable national resource' (Ratti and Kadlec 1992:1).

Descriptors :   *DEGRADATION, *ECOSYSTEMS, *WETLANDS, *HABITATS, *ENDANGERED SPECIES, *WILDLIFE, FUNCTIONS, NATIONS, POLICIES, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, BIOLOGY, NUTRIENTS, FRESH WATER, GROUND WATER, INTERNAL, SURFACE WATERS, RESOURCES, LOSSES, STORAGE, CONSERVATION, BANKS(WATERWAYS), EARTH(PLANET), FOOD, LEGISLATION, SOIL STABILIZATION, TRANSFORMATIONS, SOIL CONSERVATION, SWAMPS, ECOLOGY, AQUATIC BIOLOGY.

Subject Categories : Ecology
      Biology
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE