Accession Number : ADA303717

Title :   Organic and Organotin Compounds Leached from PVC and CPVC Pipe.

Corporate Author : MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR DEPT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH

Personal Author(s) : Boettner, Edward A. ; Bell, Gwendolyn L. ; Hollingsworth, Zane ; Aquino, Romulo

PDF Url : ADA303717

Report Date : SEP 1981

Pagination or Media Count : 117

Abstract : The primary objective of this research program was to determine whether or not organic forms of tin existed in potable water samples after contact with either polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) pipe containing organotin heat stabilizers. Analytical techniques to identify and quantitate organotin compounds at concentrations below one part per billion (ppb) were explored and refined. Four test protocols were used to simulate the extraction process. First, during method development, fragmented pipe samples were digested with extract ant water in order to obtain high surface-to-volume ratios, resulting in higher organotin concentrations than would be encountered in the field. Second, extractant water was continuously pumped through an 8.9-meter rectangular closed loop of one-inch internal diameter pipe having an inner surface area of 0.71 sq m (1100 sq in ), maintained at constant temperature. This system was used to provide sequential samples over a 22-day period, during which time the extractant water was completely removed for analysis and replaced at two- to four-day intervals. Third, a miniature pipe system attached to a laboratory faucet was used primarily to study the fate of the solvents incorporated in cements used to join segments of pipe. Fourth, incubation of short lengths of pipe with extractant water served as a convenient method to study changes in leach rates as experimental parameters such as pH were varied. jg p7

Descriptors :   *ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS, *PIPES, *ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, *CHLORINATION, *LEACHING, *POLYVINYL CHLORIDE, TEMPERATURE, FRAGMENTATION, PARAMETERS, WATER, SHORT RANGE(TIME), SURFACES, DRINKING WATER, CEMENTS, SAMPLING, CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION), SOLVENTS, EXTRACTION, INCUBATION, HEAT, TIN COMPOUNDS, MINIATURIZATION, STABILIZATION SYSTEMS.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Polymer Chemistry
      Pumps, Filters, Pipes, Tubing, Fittings & Vlvs

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE