Accession Number : ADA303862

Title :   Aggregation Kinetics and Precipitation Phenomena in Poly(phenyl-isocyanide).

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Sep 92-31 Aug 95,

Corporate Author : RHODE ISLAND UNIV KINGSTON

Personal Author(s) : Euler, William B. ; Rosen, William

PDF Url : ADA303862

Report Date : 24 NOV 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : The preparation of N-phenyl-substituted poly(isocyanide) (N-phi-PIM) utilizing a Ni(II) catalyst in methanol yields a brown material having a number average molecular weight of about 2000. Analysis of this "as prepared" polymer indicates that a rigid rod structure is present in the derived solid. Dissolution of this "as prepared" N-phi-PIM in halocarbon solvents or THF apparently leads to unraveling of the helical polymer with subsequent aggregation and precipitation of materials that have different properties from the original. These processes have been investigated by NMR, GPC, and light scattering techniques in THF and other solvents. UV spectroscopy has been utilized to follow the kinetics of the aggregation process in solution. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements have been employed to investigate the changes attendant with precipitation. An explanation of these observations is offered that implicates the uncoiling of the rigid rod helix as the most important step in defining subsequent physical and chemical properties of the ultimate amorphous polymer. jg p4

Descriptors :   *POLYMERS, *PRECIPITATION, *KINETICS, *PHENYL RADICALS, LIGHT SCATTERING, NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE, CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, MATERIALS, MOLECULAR WEIGHT, X RAY DIFFRACTION, AMORPHOUS MATERIALS, SOLIDS, ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY, METHANOLS, ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, SOLVENTS, CYANIDES, RODS, HALOGENATED HYDROCARBONS, RIGIDITY, CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS, HELIXES, GEL PERMEATION CHROMATOGRAPHY.

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Organic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE