Accession Number : ADA304160

Title :   Use of Activated Carbon for the Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater at the Picatinny Arsenal.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Bricka, R. M. ; Fleming, Elizabeth C.

PDF Url : ADA304160

Report Date : NOV 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 158

Abstract : Past military operations have resulted in the contamination of soils by munitions such as Research Department Explosive (RDX), High Melting Explosive (HMX), and TNT. The migration of water through these soils can transport these contaminants into groundwater. Many military munitions are known or suspected to be carcinogenic, and their presence in groundwater may pose a public health risk if the groundwater is used as a drinking water source. This reports details the removal of low levels of RDX and HMX from drinking water sources located at Picatinny Arsenal near Dover, NJ. This report details the use of carbon as a treatment alternative. In a separate report entitled 'Ultraviolet/Chemical Oxidation Treatment of RDX-Contaminated Waters at Picatinny Arsenal,' the use of ultraviolet/chemical oxidation treatment for the same groundwater is detailed. Typical levels of RDX and HMX measured in the drinking water ranged from 4 to 6 parts per billion (ppb) and 1 to 3 ppb, respectively. Current health standards are above these limits, but it is expected that these limits will be substantially reduced in future years. In anticipation of stricter standards for RDX and HMX in drinking water, this study was initiated to investigate the removal of RDX and HMX using carbon adsorption technologies. Five carbons were evaluated using batch isotherm tests. (MM)

Descriptors :   *WATER POLLUTION ABATEMENT, *EXPLOSIVES, *DRINKING WATER, *WATER TREATMENT, *ACTIVATED CARBON, *SOIL POLLUTION, *HAZARDOUS WASTES, MILITARY OPERATIONS, WATER FLOW, PERMEABILITY, ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION, DECONTAMINATION, WASTE WATER, ADSORPTION, HEALTH, ARMY FACILITIES, POROSITY, HYDROLOGY, GROUND WATER, SOILS, OXIDATION, CHEMICAL REACTIONS, MASS TRANSFER, AMMUNITION, CARCINOGENS, CONTAMINATION, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, PUBLIC HEALTH, BATCH PROCESSING, SORPTION, RDX, TNT, NEW JERSEY, ISOTHERMS, HIGH EXPLOSIVES, WATER WELLS, WATER SUPPLIES, HMX.

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Water Pollution and Control
      Environmental Health and Safety
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE