Accession Number : ADA304276

Title :   Evaluation of an Unaided Night Vision Instructional Program for Ground Forces.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 93-Mar 95,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Dyer, Jean L. ; Gaillard, Kimberli ; McClure, Nancy R. ; Osborne, Suzanne M.

PDF Url : ADA304276

Report Date : OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 190

Abstract : An unaided night vision program for ground forces was developed to reduce current training deficiencies in instructional materials and the training literature. The program is presented in the dark and demonstrates visual problems at night and how to overcome them. Two experiments with experienced soldiers showed the program increased soldier knowledge by 40% regardless of Army experience and can be given effectively by military instructors. Content designated as more important was acquired better than less important content. The program had a stronger effect on demonstration-related and technical material than on soldiers ability to apply night vision concepts to new situations. Baseline results with experienced soldiers showed their knowledge of unaided night vision was fragmentary and limited. An experiment comparing the program to a text version showed that Infantry trainees with low verbal ability benefited more from the program itself than the text version; trainees with high verbal ability benefited more from the text version. Relatively little forgetting occurred over a 3-week period. Knowledge gained from the program can be applied directly to improve soldier performance and to refine unit standard operating procedures for night operations.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS, *NIGHT VISION, TRAINING, ARMY PERSONNEL, INFANTRY, BASE LINES, DEFICIENCIES, DOCUMENTS, VISION, TRAINEES, ARMY, VERBAL BEHAVIOR.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE