Accession Number : ADA304305

Title :   Improving the Performance of Oil Spill Containment Booms in Waves. Part 1; Literature Review. Part 2; Physical Model Study: Procedure and Results.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : STEVENS INST OF TECH HOBOKEN NJ DAVIDSON LAB

Personal Author(s) : Van Dyck, Robert L.

PDF Url : ADA304305

Report Date : SEP 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 147

Abstract : This study to improve boom performance is intended to complement the ongoing oil spill research at the Ohmsett facility and within the Marine Spill Response Corporation. After an extensive review of the literature, new model testing instruments and procedures have been developed to provide a direct measure of containment boom heave response to wave excitation at several points along a catenary-towed boom. Measurements have been made in reproducible regular, irregular and breaking waves for various generic model boom configurations over a range of wave characteristics and boom buoyancy/weight ratios at typical towing speeds. Total towing forces have also been measured and are scaled up to full size predicted drags. Based on analyses of the results, highly flexible booms with buoyancy/weight ratio of at least 10 and sufficient freeboard are recommended for open sea operation with a catenary tow at about 0.5 knot. (AN)

Descriptors :   *CONTAINMENT(GENERAL), *OIL SPILLS, *BOOMS(EQUIPMENT), TEST AND EVALUATION, VELOCITY, OPTIMIZATION, OCEAN WAVES, SCALE MODELS, LITERATURE SURVEYS, FAILURE, MODEL TESTS, WEIGHT, COASTAL ENGINEERING, OIL POLLUTION, DESIGN CRITERIA, MARINE ENGINEERING, SEA STATES, OPEN WATER, BUOYANCY, TOWING, WATER POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT.

Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE