Accession Number : ADA304514

Title :   NATO Expansion and Alternative Future Security Alignments,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Morrison, James W.

PDF Url : ADA304514

Report Date : APR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 184

Abstract : NATO expansion is a key issue both within NATO and in the context of alternative future security alignments in Europe involving NATO, the European Union (EU) and Western European Union (WEU), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). States in Central and Eastern Europe are seeking membership in NATO. NATO has responded with outreach programs, most recently the Partnership for Peace (PEP) Program. NATO leaders have said they expect and welcome NATO expansion as an evolutionary process in which PEP will play an important role. In the public debate, officials and scholars have made many arguments in favor of expansion, against it, and to defer it. There appears to be general support in Congress, the American and European publics, and the executive branches in NATO states for inviting Central and Eastern European states, particularly the four Visegrad states of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia, to join NATO, but no decisions have been made nor dates established. Russian officials have been ambivalent but often object to expansion of NATO to include Central and Eastern European states but not Russia. NATO is conducting a study to address how NATO might expand and what the implications would be. Among the issues that may be raised are: (1) whether additional criteria for membership should be specified; (2) which states should be invited; (3) when and possibly in what sequence, if any, they should be invited; (4) how to avoid dividing lines in Europe; (5) the impact of enlargement on NATO effectiveness continuation of outreach programs with states not invited; and (6) the relationship between NATO and Russia. (KAR) p. 6

Descriptors :   *NATO, *EXPANSION, *WESTERN SECURITY(INTERNATIONAL), USSR, CONGRESS, LEADERSHIP, ALIGNMENT, EVOLUTION(GENERAL), EASTERN EUROPE, POLAND, WESTERN EUROPE, HUNGARY, CENTRAL EUROPE.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE