Accession Number : ADA304584

Title :   Tobacco and Injury: An Annotated Bibliography.

Descriptive Note : Technical note,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Amoroso, Paul J. ; Reynolds, Katy L. ; Barnes, Julie A. ; White, D. J.

PDF Url : ADA304584

Report Date : FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 129

Abstract : Tne role of tobacco use in cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and other disorders has been well documented, and now injuries can be added to the long list of tobacco's health consequences. Unlike cardiovascular disease and cancer, for which the latency of disease may be decades, the risk of injury associated with tobacco use may be measured in months, days, or even hours. Smokers are generally believed to be greater risk-takers, are heavier users of alcohol, and are more frequently diagnosed with depression and schizophrenia. They have been shown to have impaired healing of wounds and fractures, as well as chronic demineralization of bone, potentially increasing their susceptibility to fractures. Smoking has also been linked to an increased risk of musculoskeletal overuse injuries, motor vehicle accidents, industrial accidents, poisoning, low back and shoulder pain, burns and fire deaths, and suicide. Recent Army studies have documented higher musculoskeletal injury rates among smokers. While evidence mounts implicating smoking as an injury risk factor, the association between injury and smokeless tobacco is less consistent.

Descriptors :   *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, *CANCER, *SMOKELESS PROPELLANTS, *CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, *TOBACCO PLANTS, INDUSTRIES, ARMY RESEARCH, HIGH RATE, RISK, BIBLIOGRAPHIES, FRACTURE(MECHANICS), POISONING, PAIN, SHOULDERS(ANATOMY), HEALING, ALCOHOLS, BONES, ACCIDENTS, MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS, SCHIZOPHRENIA, DEMINERALIZATION.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Ecology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE