Accession Number : ADA304628

Title :   Reduction and Mitigation of Thermal Injuries; What Can be Done.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL

Personal Author(s) : Voisine, Joel J. ; Albano, John P.

PDF Url : ADA304628

Report Date : JAN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : Soon after the introduction of the crashworthy fuel system and Nomex(R) flight apparel, morbidity and mortality rates from thermal injuries in aviation were reduced to zero. Although the incidence of aircraft mishaps involving postcrash fires remained the same then and now, there has been a recent increase in thermal injury morbidity. The case reports describe three different aircraft accidents in which fire was caused by factors other than the crashworthy fuel system. They also describe sustained thermal injuries and compare them to personal protection equipment. We found that the condition of the personal protective equipment and unauthorized use of unapproved apparel were responsible for the sustained injuries. We maintain that personal protection equipment is effective if worn in a manner for which it was designed. We believe that the lessons learned apply to all military operations where the risk of fire is high, not solely aviation. A proactive program focused on education would reduce the thermal injury morbidity.

Descriptors :   *AVIATION ACCIDENTS, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *THERMAL STRESSES, *CRASHWORTHINESS, MILITARY OPERATIONS, FUEL SYSTEMS, LESSONS LEARNED, AIRCRAFT, RISK, REPORTS, PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, PERSONNEL, FIRES, MORTALITY RATE, CRASHES, BURNS(INJURIES), MORBIDITY, ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS.

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Military Aircraft Operations
      Aircraft
      Safety Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE