Accession Number : ADA304662

Title :   Bootstrap Decision Making for Polygraph Examinations,

Corporate Author : NORTH DAKOTA UNIV GRAND FORKS DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Honts, Charles R. ; Devitt, Mary K.

PDF Url : ADA304662

Report Date : 24 AUG 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 40

Abstract : This study examined human numerical evaluation, discriminant analysis, and a bootstrap approach to decision making in the psychophysiological detection of deception with the control question test. The data for these analyses were obtained from the Utah Cooperative Working Group Database and consisted of 100 innocent and 100 guilty subjects of mock crime experiments. We found statistically equivalent performance for the three approaches. However, it should be noted that the human evaluators used in this study were not representative of the average polygraph examiner, and the human evaluation data reported in this study are likely to have substantially overestimated the accuracy of human numerical evaluation in the field. Taken in that context, the performance of the statistical classifiers should be viewed very favorably. In absolute terms, the bootstrap approach outperformed the other two approaches. As compared to discriminant analysis, the bootstrap has much to recommend it. It avoids the restrictive mathematical assumptions of discriminant analysis, and since it is not tied to any empirical standardization sample, the bootstrap is likely to be widely generalizable. It was concluded that statistical decision making has come of age in the detection of decepti6n and should see universal application in the field in the near future.

Descriptors :   *DETECTION, *DECEPTION, *PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, TEST AND EVALUATION, DECISION MAKING, HUMANS, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, STATISTICS, ACCURACY, DECISION THEORY, STANDARDIZATION, DISCRIMINATE ANALYSIS, CRIMES.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Miscellaneous Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE