Accession Number : ADA304672

Title :   Effect of Triazolam on Pilot Performance.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL

Personal Author(s) : Caldwell, J. L. ; Caldwell, John A. ; Sprenger, William D. ; Woodrum, Larry C. ; Jones, Heber D.

PDF Url : ADA304672

Report Date : JAN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 77

Abstract : This study was designed to determine if an aviator who has taken triazolam before bedtime could adequately perform his duties the following day after a full night of sleep. In addition, the project determined if an aviator who is awakened shortly after taking triazolam could perform his required tasks. It was hypothesized that a person who took triazolam in order to improve sleep quality may show more difficulty in performing a task immediately upon awakening than when awakened from sleep not induced with a hypnotic. Ten U.S. Army aviators were tested over a 10-day period. After 3 days of training, each subject was administered triazolam (0.25 mg) on 2 separate nights and a placebo on 2 separate nights. Subjects were awakened 2 hours into the sleep period during one triazolam and one placebo night for testing. Each of the drug conditions and wake-up nights were counterbalanced, and each drug night was separated by a 1-day washout period. Data included electroencephalography (EEG) activity, flight performance in the UH-60 simulator, subjective sleepiness, and cognitive performance. Each night of sleep also was recorded.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *PILOTS, *SLEEP DEPRIVATION, *ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY, *SLEEP, ARMY PERSONNEL, COGNITION, QUALITY, FLIGHT, NIGHT, DRUGS, PLACEBOS.

Subject Categories : Pharmacology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE