Accession Number : ADA305043

Title :   The Room Temperature Moisture Kinetics of Kevlar 49 Fabric/Epoxy Laminates,

Corporate Author : SANDIA NATIONAL LABS ALBUQUERQUE NM

Personal Author(s) : Allard, R. E.

PDF Url : ADA305043

Report Date : MAY 1978

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : Hygrothermal effects can significantly influence the failure behavior of high performance epoxy-based composites. As such, it is necessary to determine, for one, the moisture diffusion rates in the composite's principal axes so that moisture densities and distributions can be estimated for life-cycle exposures. In this study, moisture diffusion coefficients are determined for quasi-isotropic Kevlar 49 181-style fabric reinforced Narmco 5208 epoxy laminates, and for the epoxy and fabric components individually. A microbalance technique is employed to continuously monitor the percentage weight gain of specimens exposed to 76 percent relative humidity at room temperature. The anisotropy of moisture diffusivity in the composite laminates is determined by use of a slope ratio (absorption vs time) technique and specimens of appropriate geometry. Results show that moisture diffuses in the laminate plane (6.1 x 10(-8) cm sq/sec) two orders of magnitude faster than through the thickness (1.7 x 10(-10) cm sq/sec). These values compare to a resin diffusivity of 6.5 x 10(-10) cm sq/sec. It is speculated that the rapid inplane diffusion is due to the preferential diffusion of moisture in the filament along its length

Descriptors :   *EPOXY LAMINATES, *POLYIMIDE PLASTICS, THERMAL PROPERTIES, FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES, MOISTURE CONTENT, ROOM TEMPERATURE, FABRICS, AEROSPACE CRAFT, DIFFUSION, EPOXY COMPOSITES, EPOXY RESINS.

Subject Categories : Laminates and Composite Materials
      Plastics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE